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当前位置: 首页 > 学历类 > 专升本 > 复习指导 > 【英语】英语词汇和语法考点总结-常用短语

【英语】英语词汇和语法考点总结-常用短语

时间:2015-03-10 来源:新思路教育 作者:新思路

in advance 事先;提前                                                         

on purpose 故意

adjust to (使)适应于,把...调节到           

apply for 申请,请求

assign to 指派,选派                         

attempt at 企图,努力

attribute to ...归因于,归咎于              

belong to属于
benefit from
受益,获益                                                          

burst out + V-ing 爆发,突然发作
catch up with
赶上                            

combine with 结合,联合,化合
concentrate on
集中,专心                     

cope with 对付,应付

count on 倚靠,指望                          

deal with 处理,论述,涉及
dedicate to
奉献,把...用在                  

depend on/upon 依靠,信赖,取决于
differ from
不同                              

engage in 使从事于,使忙于
equip with
装备,配备                                                              

exchange for 交换,调换,兑换
figure out
计算出;领会到                     

find out 查明,发现
focus on (
使)聚焦,(使)集中                   

hear of/about 听到      

hear from 收到...(来信)
can/could not help +V-ing
禁不住,忍不住
hinder from
阻止,妨碍                                                      

  involve in 卷入,陷入;牵涉,包含

leave behind 留下,忘记带                    

major in 主修,专攻

object to 反对,不赞成                      

 persist in 坚持不懈,执意;持续

plunge into 纵身投入,跳入;猛冲;                            

 point out 指出
remind sb. of sth.
使想起                   

remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

resort to 求助;诉诸于,采取,凭借                                 

respond to 响应,回答

result in 导致,结果是

select from 挑选,选择

separate from (使)分离;(使)分开
settle down
定居;解决,调停

share with 分与,分派,分配,分享,共用

specialize in 擅长于,专门研究,专攻

suffer from 忍受,遭受;使痛苦,患病;

switch off 切断,(用开关)关掉
switch on
接通,(用开关)开起

affect v.影响,传染,感动

effort n.努力

effect n.结果,影响

effective adj.有效的;卓有成效

apply v.申请

application n.申请书

applicant n.申请人

aware adj.意识到的,知道的

unaware adj.没有意识到的(反义词)

appreciate v.欣赏,感谢,正确评价

appreciation n.欣赏,感谢

benefit n.益处,好处 v.有益于,受益

campus n.(大学)校园

candidate n.候选人,报考者,申请者

capable adj.有能力的,能干的

career n.职业,生涯,经历

case n.案例,情况,事实,病例

challenge n.挑战,艰巨任务 v.挑战,要求试

common adj.共同的

character n.性格

chase v./n.追逐,追求,寻觅

contract v.收缩,缩小 n.合同,契约

cheat v./n.欺骗,作弊,骗子,欺骗行为

check v./n.检查,核对 n.支票

circumstance n.情况,形势,境遇

complain v.抱怨,申诉

complaint n.抱怨,申诉,疾病

 

compete v.竞争,比赛

competition n.比赛,竞争

competitive adj.竞争激烈的;充满竞争的

 

convenient adj.方便的,舒适的

convenience n.便利,方便,公共厕所

 

create v.创造,产生

credit n.信贷,信任 v.信任

crisis n.危机,决定性时刻,转折点(pl.crises

critical adj.决定性的,批判的,危急的

criticize/-ise v.批评,评论,指责

cultivate v.栽培,培养,耕作

culture n.文化,教养

curiosity n.好奇心

custom n.习惯,风俗

customer n.顾客

 

direction n.方向,方位

disappear v.不见,消失

disaster n.灾难,大祸

discourage v.使气馁,阻碍

emotion n.情感,激情,情绪

emphasis v./n.强调,重点

 

encourage v.鼓励,激励

enforce v.实施,生效,强迫,执行,加强

enlarge v.扩大,扩展,详述

ensure v.保证,担保,确定

enable v.是能够,使有能力

enrich v.使丰富

contrast...with... …………相对(对照)

in contrast to/with……形成对比

by contrast对比之下

 

 

take sth. under control()控制住        

out of control无法控制

 

be convenient to/for……方便

cope with(deal withtry to find a solution to)应付,处理

at all costs不惜任何代价

at the cost of……为代价

emerge from(appearbecome known)出现,暴露(问题,意见等)

end up with……而结束

engage inbe engaged in忙于,从事

be equipped with装备有,装有

 

except(but)除了

except for(apart from)……以外

be good for……有好处;对……有作用 

be good at擅长于;

be good to……

 

take...for granted(assume to be true)

……认为理所当然的

be in the habit of习惯于

get (fall) into the habit of养成了……的习惯

live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃

at heart(in reality)内心里,实际上

in one's heart(of hearts)内心深处,事实上

by heart(by memory)熟记,背()

with all one's heart全心全意地,真心实意

 

be ignorant of(lacking knowledge)……不了解,不知道

make (leave)an impression on sb.

give sb.an impression……留下印象

make the most (use)of充分利用 gift  talent

by nature天生的,生来

in nature本质上 natural

 

name after……的名字命名

none other than不是别人,正是……

nothing but只有,不过……而已

 

it occurs to sb.that...某人想到……

 

all at once(suddenlynow)立即,马上

once in a while(occasionally)偶尔

in order井井有条,处于良好状态;

out of order(in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障

 

participate in(take part in)参加

be patient with……耐心

perform on the piano(play the piano)演奏钢琴

persist in坚持,固执

 

in person亲自,当面

come to the point谈主要问题

there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事

point at(indicatedirect attention)指着

point out(indicateshow)指出,指明

popular with/among大众所喜爱的,拥戴

 

resort to诉诸于……,求助于…… 

resort to force诉诸于武力

 

respond to……反应,响应,对()有效

in response to(as an answer to)回答,反应

be responsible for……负责,是造成……原因

result in(cause)导致

with the result that其结果是

in return(for)作为报答;以报答(for)

get rid of摆脱,去掉,除去

be in the right正确的; 

in the wrong错误的

give rise to(lead to)引起,导致

 

at the risk of(with danger of)……的风险

 

for the sake of(for the good or advantage of)为了……起见

be satisfied with满意

on a large scale大规模地

 

 

on schedule 按时,准时

ahead of schedule提前;in advance预先;

behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间

 

in search of寻找;

in honor of为了表示对……敬意;

in memory of为了纪念……

in pursuit of追求……

on behalf of代表……的利益;

in favor of赞成……

in season 旺季 

in secret秘密地; in private私下

 

share sth.with……分享,分担,分摊,共用

be sorry about/for懊悔的,后悔的,难过的

specialize in专门研究,专攻

in spite of(despite)尽管

 

stick to粘着,坚持 

stick to one's friend忠于朋友

stick at(continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于……

stick at one's books勤奋读书

 

be strict with……严格要求

be/go on strike罢工

suffer from……病;受……苦痛

be suitable for(fit)适合……

be surprised at……惊奇;

take...by surprise使……惊奇;

to one's surprise使某人惊奇

in good taste大方,得体;(反意)  

in bad taste小家子气

 

in terms of(with regard torespectively)按照,根据,在……方面

think of(have the idea of)想到;(consider)考虑;(remember)想起

on second thoughts经再三考虑之后

at the thought of一想到……

 

for the time being(temporarily)暂时

in time (for)及时     on time准时

at no time无论何时也不……     

in on time(very quickly)立即,马上

at times(occasionally)间或,时常    

at all times(always)始终,总是

be in use (be used)被使用;

be out of use(be on longer used)不再被使用

 be used toV-ing 习惯于     used to+动词原形(过去常常做)

 in vain(uselessly)徒劳

be in the way(obstructive)碍事,阻碍

by way of(by going through)经由,取道

by the way(in addition)顺带地(转移话题)

in no way无论怎样也不……

in a way从某种程度上说

 

against one's will违心地,违背意愿地

in a word总之;

in other words换言之;

have a word with sb.谈一谈;

have words with sb.争吵;

hav the last word有决定权

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